Gender based violence includes physical, sexual and psychological violence such as domestic violence, sexual abuse including rape and sexual abuse of children by family members, forced pregnancy, sexual slavery, traditional harmful practices to women such as female genital mutilation. Gender based violence happens in all societies, across all social classes with women particularly at risk from men they know. Among women aged 15-44 years, gender-based violence accounts for more death and disability than combined side effects of cancer traffic related injuries and war. Each year, 2 million girls between 5 to 15 are introduced into commercial sex industry. Women who are victims of domestic are 12 times more likely to attempt suicide than those who do not experience such volume.
It is essential that lay counsellors and other health care professionals are equipped with the knowledge to understand the causes of violence and gender based violence understand the strategies for recognizing and preventing violence in their workplace and families and be equipped with the resources to support counsellors, health professionals and victims of violence.